Passenger vessel is a merchant vehicle whose main activity is to carry passenger on sea routes. A passenger vessel is specially designed and equipped for the transporting people. According to the provisions of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) any ship with accommodation for more than 12 passengers is a passenger vessel. People other than passengers are regarded as crew. This category does not include cargo ships that are restricted to a limited number of passengers, such as those for 12 people. However, these ships include many classes of ships designed to carry a significant number of passengers as well as transportation. In fact, until recently, all ocean liners were capable of transporting mail, express and other cargo in addition to passenger facilities. This cargo capacity has been lost on the last ocean liners and on all cruise ships. While passenger vessels are part of the maritime trade, they are also used as naval vessels in military affairs. Passenger vessels are short-haul ferries that carry passengers and vehicles; oceans are typically ships that carry or carry passengers and often cargo on longer lines; long with special features. Ocean liners are a traditional type of passenger ship. These liners travel on scheduled trips to all parts of the world. Since its advent, passenger airliners were specialized cargo lines of the voyage disappeared. But with the increase in cruises for fun and entertainment in the latter part of the twentieth century, the oceans for the cruise ships as a major form of large passenger vessels that included hundreds to thousands of people shifted the area of activity from the North Atlantic to the Caribbean. Although some ships have features of both types, the design priorities are of two different forms: speed and traditional design, while the facilities of circulating vessels (swimming pools, theaters, ball rooms, casinos, sports facilities, etc.) are in place of speed. These priorities produce different designs. In addition, ocean liners typically travel across the Atlantic between Europe and the United States, or even more to South America or Asia, whilst traveling on shorter routes with longer stops along the coast or across islands. They carry for a long time, cruise ships were smaller than the old oceans, but that changed in the 1980 when Kot Cluster acquired Norwegian Caribbean SSS manager Francis (1961) and transformed him into a large cruise vessel called SS the renamed Norway happened. Passenger vessels are subjected to two important International Maritime Organization requirements: performing the necessary vessels training within 24 hours of boarding passengers and transmitting the signal after 30 minutes of departure.
Types of passenger vessel
Passenger boats are primarily used for carrying passengers. Passenger vessels are broadly divided into three categories: Ferry, Cruise ships and Ocean liners. Apart from this distinction, a large number of passenger vessels have been identified. Each type of ship can be described as follows:
Ferry vessels are those used for the transit of seafarers on short and local seas. Cargo ships can be dual in nature, or they can be vessels used only for passenger transport, or they can be vessels that also carry passengers on cruises. These ships travel regularly and have fixed fares. These are ships that sail along the same route with many alternate stops. These vessels serve the same purpose as public transport by road or rail. Therefore, ferries are smaller vessels used for short-haul trips or as public transport.
Large vessels equipped with all the luxurious amenities that are used to transport travelers on holiday are known as cruise ships or public cruise vessels. These vessels are selected for long haul trips and bring international trade opportunities to the country. The cruise vessel offers a full range of leisure and entertainment services. This vessel provides a completely different place for travelers with a new vacation experience. The vessel are the most popular type of merchant vessel used for traveling from one country to another as well as for cruises.
Ocean liners are traditional passenger vessels. An ocean liner typically includes 1,500 to 2,000 seats for passengers and has facilities of saloons, swimming pools, and sports halls. Prior to advent of airliners, they were the primary mode of intercontinental travel. Nowadays, just a few ocean liners are in operation, their place has been taken by ferries. Titanic, Olympic, and Queen Elizabeth are well-known as the most luxurious vessels. The largest ocean liner today is RMS Queen Mary 2.
What is a passenger boat?
A passenger boat is specially designed and equipped for the transport of people. Passenger boats are usually defined as a ship carrying more than 12 passengers – on international voyages must comply with all relevant IMO regulations, including those in the SOLAS and Load Lines Conventions. Royal Caribbean’s voyager of the marine passenger vessels in operation today are subject to a vast array of regulations and standards covering every aspect of ship construction and operation. A number of incidents over the years have led to improvements in safety requirements, including those relating to fire safety measures – such as escape routes and fire protections systems for the large atrium typical of cruise ships – and life-saving appliances and arrangements. Besides improvements in the technical regulations, the entry into force of the International Safety Management (ISM) Code for passenger ships in 1998 was an important step in focusing on the “human element” side of shipping, by providing an international standard for the safe management and operation of ships and for pollution prevention. Meanwhile, the entry into force on 1 February 1997 (with a phase-in period to 2002) of the 1995 amendments to the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watch keeping for Seafarers, 1978 has paved the way for greatly enhanced seafarer standards as well as giving IMO itself powers to check Parties’ compliance with the Convention. The STCW Convention, as amended since 1995, includes specific training requirements for crew on passenger vessels, such as training in crowd management, for use in emergency evacuation.
Large passenger vessels can produce a tremendous amount of waste – regulations on garbage and sewage management are contained in MARPOL 73/78. Roll-on, roll-off ferries; high-speed craft and new craft such as Wig-in-Ground effect craft all have their own particular safety concerns.
Passenger vessel safety:
The Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) at its 82nd session in November-December 2006 adopted a package of amendments to SOLAS, the result of a comprehensive review of passenger vessel safety initiated in 2000 with the aim of assessing whether the current regulations were adequate, in particular for the large passenger ships now being built. The work in developing the new and amended regulations has based its guiding philosophy on the dual premise that the regulatory framework should place more emphasis on the prevention of a casualty from occurring in the first place and that future passenger ships should be designed for improved survivability so that, in the event of a casualty, persons can stay safely on board as the ship proceeds to port. The amendments include:
- alternative designs and arrangements;
- safe areas and the essential systems to be maintained while a ship proceeds to port after a casualty, which will require redundancy of propulsion and other essential systems;
- on-board safety centers, from where safety systems can be controlled, operated and monitored;
- fixed fire detection and alarm systems, including requirements for fire detectors and manually operated call points to be capable of being remotely and individually identified;
- fire prevention, including amendments aimed at enhancing the fire safety of atriums, the means of escape in case of fire and ventilation systems; and
- Time for orderly evacuation and abandonment, including requirements for the essential systems that must remain operational in case anyone main vertical zone is unserviceable due to fire.
Marinnor Company is capable of designing and manufacturing passenger boats up to 24 meters length with different passenger carrying capacity, which is designed and manufactured according to the customer’s orders for its own use. This company has an experienced staff in the design of vessels up to 24 meters length so far in the field of passenger vessel designed a luxury marine bus 19 meters in length. This passenger boat capacity is 68 people and its cruise speed is 22 knots and its maximum speed is 26 knots.
Marinnor Passenger vessel
8m Solar Tourist & Coffee
Hull Material: Marine Aluminum 5083
Length O.A: 8 m
Beam O.A: 2.8 m
Max. Draft: 0.35 m
Main Engines: Outboard Motor 1×2.7 KW
13m Solar Tourist & Coffee
Hull Material: Marine Aluminum 5083
Length O.A: 13.2 m
Beam O.A: 3.4 m
Max. Draft: 0.7 M
Main Engines: Outboard Motor 2×250 hp